Dog Diarrhea: Treatment, Causes & Remedies

It’s not a topic anyone likes to talk about, but if you own a pet, chances are you have found yourself tidying up a smelly brown puddle (or, not-quite-politely put, dog “runs”) more than you ‘d care to think about.

Diarrhea is a typical canine condition and it differs in frequency, period, and intensity from pet dog to pet dog.

You might not be able to totally avoid diarrhea, but knowing as much as possible about it might help limit the number times your dog has one of these undesirable episodes and reduce the period when the runs do come. Thankfully, there are even a variety of non-prescription diarrhea treatments for canines.


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The Canine Digestive System

There are considerable differences in between the method dogs and individuals digest food.

Human jaw shape and salivary enzymes, for example, will start breaking down a morsel in the mouth. Canines, on the other hand, have mouths and jaws made for tearing, crushing, and wolfing food down. Their salivary enzymes are primarily developed to eliminate bacteria, which is why they can endure products that would send their human companions to the health center.

Food travels quickly down the canine esophagus and goes into the stomach in portions, where most food digestion takes place. Canine stomach acids are about 3 times stronger than those of human beings, so they can digest food that is pretty much undamaged. Under typical circumstances, transit time from mouth through the large and little intestinal tracts ought to be under 10 hours, producing a firm, well-formed stool at the end.

Top Causes of Dog Diarrhea

Numerous things can interrupt this well-balanced system, causing diarrhea or, less frequently, irregularity. Some things, like eating excessive yard, are not serious at all. Others can be an indication of a dangerous issue, such as an indigestible item (like a rock) lodged in the stomach, or an illness like cancer.

There are numerous reasons why a dog may develop loose stools, however a lot of cases may be credited to one of these 12 triggers:

Dietary indiscretion: Eating too much, consuming trash, or ruined food. There’s in fact a name for it in veterinary circles–” trash toxicosis” or “trash gut.”

Modification in diet plan: It may take a few days for a pet’s digestive system to adjust to new proteins. When you change from one brand name of food to another, that’s why numerous dog-food makers recommend that you go slow.
Modification in water: Dogs who drink pond water while on searching journeys are significantly inclined to establish diarrhea

Food intolerance


The majority of these will trigger health problem in pups or in grownups with weak body immune systems:
Parasites: Roundworms, Hookworms, Whipworms, Coccidia, Giardia

Toxins or plants

Swallowing an indigestible foreign body, like a toy or socks

Infections with typical viruses such as: Parvovirus Distemper Coronavirus

Bacterial infections, such as salmonella

Health problems, such as kidney and liver disease, colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and cancer

Antibiotics and other medications

Tension or emotional upset

What Stools Say About Your Dog’s Health

The consistency and color of diarrhea expose a lot about the reason for the problem and what is taking place in your dog. When you explain the symptoms to a veterinarian, take extremely cautious note of the consistency, anything, and color else that might assist. In a lot of cases, diarrhea will fix after a few days of home treatment, however it’s a good concept to provide your veterinarian a call if it continues for an extended period or has any one of several indications that may indicate a major issue.

This infographic from Purina provides you a concept of a “ideal canine poop,” which is chocolate brown, formed like logs, compact, and easy to scoop. Professionals state it needs to feel like cookie dough or Play-Doh when pressed. Large volumes, watery or pudding-like consistency, or signs of mucous (looks like jelly), or blood streaks, are not regular.

Keep in mind of the Color of the Poop

Color can likewise show a lot about what is going on inside your canine’s gut. Chocolate brown is regular, while colors like orange, green, or gray may signify problems with such organs as liver, gall bladder, or pancreas. Black tarry stool is really serious, and may indicate internal bleeding. Call your veterinarian as quickly as possible if you see this.

Purina has also provided an useful reference– a color wheel of dog poop.

When your pet dog gets diarrhea, Color, shape, and consistency will all assist you and your veterinarian figure out what is wrong. These aspects will assist your veterinarian figure out where the issue is stemming along the canine’s digestion tract.

Other Ways to Decipher Canine Poop

Following are some typical abnormalities, in addition to color, and what each might be informing you about why your dog has the runs:

Frequency: Percentages with straining, several times in an hour, which some people call “the squirts,” can be a sign of inflammation of the big bowel. 3 or 4 times, with big volume, suggest small bowel disorder.

Unusually formed or colored strong objects can tell you what your dog has entered into. Numerous little white rice-like shapes, for example, may represent a tapeworm problem. Lawn, wood, or string might inform you that your pet has actually eaten something that he couldn’t digest.

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As disgusting as it may appear, it’s important that you analyze your dog’s poop carefully if she has diarrhea so you can give your vet as many details as possible. Armed with this knowledge, the veterinarian will be able to inform you whether to arrange and exam or whether you can treat it in the house.

Pet Diarrhea: Treatment, Causes & Remedies

Why Pet Dogs Get Diarrhea

There can be numerous reasons for diarrhea in dogs. Usually, pets will throw up or have diarrhea due to:

Consuming something poisonous (grapes, chocolate, human medications, and so on) or a foreign item (part of a pet dog toy, piece of a stick, underclothing, and socks prevail perpetrators).

Too many table scraps or fatty foods like grease, bacon, etc can likewise upset your dog’s stomach.

Food allergic reaction.

Quick food change (changing in between types or brands of food too quickly).

Inflammatory bowel illness.

Intestinal parasites.

Intestinal tract cancer.

Metabolic illness: kidney illness, pancreatitis, thyroid illness, and others.

Bacterial or viral conditions, like hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE).

Reaction to medications.

When fecal matter moves through the intestinal tracts much faster than typical, and there is reduced absorption of water, nutrients, and electrolytes, the result is diarrhea. It is a sign of illness or other issues like contaminants, foreign body intake, etc, that impact the small intestines, big intestinal tracts, or other organs outside the gastrointestinal system.

How to Know When You Can Deal With Diarrhea in your home.

normal energy.

regular cravings.

No vomiting.

Your canine is up– to– date on their vaccines (such as vaccines for parvovirus or distemper infection).

Your dog is a young person (not very young or old).

There are no pre-existing health issues such as Addison’s illness, kidney failure, cancer, etc.

When Diarrhea is a Medical Emergency, how to Know.

You believe your pet has actually ingested a toxin or poison.

You believe your dog has ingested a foreign body, such as a toy or clothing.

Your dog is low energy and may seem weak.

No appetite.

Throwing up (generally more than when or whenever water and/or food is taken in). Constantly contact a veterinarian if any blood is noted, even if they vomit just once.

Frequent bouts of diarrhea duplicated over a couple-hour window of time.

The diarrhea has actually lasted more than 24 to 36 hours regardless of natural home remedy.

There is a lot of blood (red) in the poop– little areas of blood are not always an emergency situation.

The stool is black and/ or tarry.

Your pet is continuously straining to poop and not much is coming out.

Your pet dog’s gums are pale, bluish, whitish, or gray in color.

Your pet’s stomach is puffed up and painful (fast panting, groaning, or avoids being touched).

Your dog is passing worms in their stool or you see worms in their vomit.

When in doubt, call your veterinarian or an emergency situation hospital for suggestions.

There are times when your pet might be off, and you can handle their diarrhea without a journey to the vet.

If you have identified that it will likely be okay to try and “ride out” your dog’s diarrhea for 24 to 36 hours, then here are some options to help.

How do I treat my animal for Giardia infection?

seek veterinary care if your family pet has diarrhea that is not going away. Diarrhea has various causes and might result in dehydration or other major problems.

Medical diagnosis and treatment of Giardia infection need to be done by a certified vet.

No approved over the counter treatment is offered for Giardia infection.

Giardia can be passed in poop intermittently, and an animal may appear healthy or without indications of illness prior to it stops passing Giardia. Repetitive poop tests may be necessary.

Follow your veterinarian’s suggestions and take your family pet to all follow-up appointments.

Other Things That Can Aid With Diarrhea.

In addition to rest, fasting, and a dull diet plan, there are some other things you may discover useful in dealing with diarrhea problems in the house.


Probiotics might be practical when dealing with diarrhea. Considering that the digestion system comprises about 60 to 80% of your family pet’s immune system, keeping it healthy is necessary. Probiotics assistance support a healthy immune system by keeping the intestinal tract bacteria in great balance and helping in food digestion. You can attempt routine, unflavored, probiotic-rich yogurt (you want as low a sugar material as possible), or you can pick up a probiotic like K&S Veterinary Labs’ DiarRice.

DiarRice is the # 1 probiotic exclusively for Pet Diarrhea.

Non-prescription Medications and Why They Are Best to Avoid.

You might be questioning why I have not discussed over the counter (OTC) human medications, such as Kaopectate ®, Pepto Bismol ®, or Imodium ®, for your pet. The factor being, depending on the cause of the diarrhea, these medications can do more damage than great. If advised by your pet’s vet and only at the dosage they recommend, they should only be offered.

These medications can be harmful to your canine, specifically if dosed improperly. Pepto Bismol’s and Kaopectate’s active ingredient is bismuth subsalicylate. This component is a derivative of salicylic acid or aspirin. Toxicity can result if your pet dog gets the wrong dosage.

If your dog has intestinal tract bleeding that you are unaware of, bloody vomit and diarrhea, stomach pain, and weak point may result. These medications may likewise impact platelet function, which can impact blood clot times. When blood does not clot, bleeding continues, which can lead to other issues. If given with any non-steroidal anti-inflammatory such as Rimadyl ®, DeramaxxTM, and so on, there is an increased threat of digestive ulcers or perforation. It can trigger your dog’s stool to look blackish.

Blackish stool in pets is described as melena (absorbed blood in stool) which can suggest major medical conditions. This can make detecting particular medical issues difficult and potentially include the need for more pricey tests. Finally, the tablet form of the anti-inflammatory will appear radio-opaque (white) on x-rays. This might look like a metallic foreign body and lead to unneeded surgical treatment or other treatments.

Note if you have a feline: If you have actually been encouraged by your veterinarian to provide either Pepto Bismol or Kaopectate to your dog and you have a cat, do not let your cat take in these medications. They will cause salicylate toxicity. This can result in anemia, ulcers, and liver failure, despite the dosage.

Why You Ought To Use Extreme Caution With Imodium ®.

Imodium (which passes the generic name Loperamide) is an artificial opioid. All opioids are understood to trigger constipation. They work by slowing down gut motility which allows for more fluid and salts to be drawn back into the body system.

Imodium, when administered at safe levels, is not valuable for pain and, for that reason, will not relieve any abdominal pain your canine might have. While, in some cases, Imodium may assist, there are others where it can cause possibly serious negative effects. Some of these negative effects include constipation, sedation, bloating, and even pancreatitis.

You should never give Imodium to your canine if:.

Your pet is a herding type (Sheltie, Australian Shepherd, Collie, etc). Numerous rounding up type dogs carry a mutant type of the ABCB1 -1 Δ gene that considerably limits their ability to break down particular drugs.

, if your pet has consumed a contaminant or has an infection.. The diarrhea is a way for their body to flush itself out and get rid of infections and toxins.

If your family pet has any medical conditions that can make them more prone to the unfavorable adverse effects of the drug. Some health conditions are:.

Liver illness.

Kidney illness.


Addison’s disease.

If your animal is vomiting, has abdominal pain (groaning, rapid panting, avoiding being touched, and so on), and is weak.

If your pet is very young or old.

How major is diarrhea in pets?

The severity of diarrhea depends on the length of time it persists and the number of other scientific signs accompany it. If your pet has severe bloody diarrhea or is revealing more generalized indications of disease such as weakness, fever, vomiting, stomach discomfort, anorexia nervosa, or dehydration, the cause may be more medical and severe attention ought to be sought as soon as possible. For example, diarrhea is one of the very first indications seen in parvovirus, a viral infection that can trigger dangerous illness in susceptible pet dogs.

” … diarrhea is one of the first signs seen in parvovirus, a viral infection that can cause deadly disease in susceptible dogs.”.

Types of Pet Diarrhea.

When attempting to narrow down our list of causes, we break canine diarrhea down into two significant classifications: large-bowel and small-bowel diarrhea.

Large-Bowel Diarrhea.

Large-bowel diarrhea, or diarrhea occurring from the big intestinal tract or colon, is identified by:.

Increased frequency.

Little volumes of stool.

Straining to defecate.

Red blood in the stool along with mucous.

When they see blood in their dog’s stool, Family pet moms and dads are often extremely concerned. While this is certainly an indication of swelling and a good time to come to the vet, a percentage of blood is often foregone conclusion when dealing with a large-bowel diarrhea.

Here’s why. The job of the colon is two-fold:.

Storage of stool until it’s ready to exit.

Resorption of water to prevent dehydration.

Because the colon needs to pull water out of the poop, capillary are really near to the surface and quickly brake with straining and inflammation. Also, there are mucous glands in the colon to help lube stools for simple passage.

When there is swelling, they will overproduce their mucous finishing. When the colon isn’t working right, stools can likewise be extremely watery.

If there is a large volume of blood kept in mind in the stools (the stool looks or is all blood like raspberry jam), this is more concerning and ought to be resolved with more urgency.

Small-Bowel Diarrhea

Small-bowel diarrhea or diarrhea developing from the small intestine is identified by:.

Large, goopy poops produced at typical frequency.

Stool is often fatty and frothy.

Stool rarely has red blood or mucous.

There is usually no straining included.

The job of the small intestine is absorption of nutrients. When there is swelling or dysfunction, there can be a lack of absorption, resulting in fatty stools.

We can also see indications of malnutrition in pet dogs with small-bowel diarrhea:.


Poor hair coat.

Ravenous hunger.

Acute Diarrhea in Pet Dogs.

Some episodes of pet diarrhea can be quickly cleaned up. An intense start of diarrhea can frequently solve on its own with minimal intervention from you.

When your pet’s diarrhea has actually lasted for 48 hours or more, or you see blood in the stool, or your family pet has additional signs (vomiting or inappetence), it is time to go to the vet.

Chronic Diarrhea in Pets.

Persistent diarrhea is relentless despite preliminary treatment or is persistent in nature.

Causes include (but are not restricted to):.

Parasites such as whipworms.

Inflammatory bowel disease.

exocrine pancreatic deficiency.

Hyperthyroidism or other metabolic condition.



Chronic diarrhea in pet dogs can sometimes cause weight loss, a dry and unthrifty hair coat, and lethargy.

This can likewise trigger chronic periodic diarrhea if your pet is constantly exposed to a diet that they are sensitive to.

Some pet and feline foods that are marketed as much healthier for your family pet can also be high in fat and protein. Grain-free diet plans remove healthy fiber content from the pet dog food, which can be really rough on a delicate system.

When it comes to their formulations, it is crucial to look for balance in a diet and that it comes from a credible business that is doing their homework.

Preventing canine diarrhea.

It is necessary to avoid unexpected diet plan changes, which can distress your pet dog’s stomach. You can also assist prevent diarrhea by keeping your canine as much as date on essential care, including parasite prevention and vaccines.

Veterinarians such as Dr. Jeffrey Kordell, founder of K&S Veterinary Labs, likewise explains that pets who tend to get diarrhea might benefit from a delicate stomach diet. And restrict your canine’s access to any other kinds of food.

” You can also make sure that your canine is not getting access to human foods,” he advises. Examine that your garbage is protected, and prevent feeding table scraps, especially fatty, spicy, or velvety foods.